The Centre for Population Studies – CPS
The Centre for Population Studies (CPS) is an interdisciplinary centre for Swedish and international researchers and research groups working in areas such as history, cultural geography, medicine and statistics.
What these researchers have in common is an interest in population research and the fact that many of them are using the Demographic Data Base (DDB) to seek answers to their research questions.
The DDB is one of the world's most information-dense demographic databases. It contains individual-level data from parish registers from the interior of Norrland, as well as the cities of Skellefteå, Sundsvall and Linköping, roughly covering the period 1600-1900 and corresponding to four or five percent of the Swedish population. The DDB also includes demographic data from Swedish Sápmi (Samiland) for the period 1750-1900. Using the database you can trace, for example, how long your father's profession has been handed down through the generations or how relatives have migrated from parish to parish.
A vital source for research
The DDB was founded in Umeå in 1973, and by the end of 2006, it had been the basis for approximately 80 doctoral dissertations, among other things.
A year earlier, in 2005, CPS research about Historical Demography became internationally recognized when the Swedish Research Council chose it as one of Sweden's ten Strong Research Environments. With this endorsement, more long-term research is now underway in the areas of, e.g., public health, mortality and migration.
The CPS project entitled Ageing and Living Conditions – ALC ("Åldrande och livsvillkor") was then selected as one of 20 research environments in Sweden to receive the Linnaeus Grant in 2006. This grant was given to enhance support for research of the highest quality that can compete internationally. Moreover, it has also been chosen as one of twelve research areas at Umeå University to be part of a special effort to support cutting-edge research. The project is aimed at examining what our society will look like in the future, given a rapidly increasing proportion of older people.
Activities at CPS also include teaching, methods development and supervision of graduate students.